[老雅講壇]雅思寫作句型變化技巧(2):抽象名詞作主語

唐老雅英語寫作工作室2019-06-12 02:43:25

雅思寫作句型變化技巧之二: 抽象名詞作主語

  老雅 / 文

我們知道,同樣一個基本意思,任何語言都有多種多樣的表達方式(雖然不同表達方式可能帶來意思的細微差別)。在寫作中,我們應該學會恰當變換表達方式,從而增加表達的多樣性。這是雅思寫作的一個基本要求。

本期老雅將介紹英語中非常常見的“抽象名詞作主語”的現象。英語中具體名詞作主語大家都不陌生,但抽象名詞作主語的情況很多烤鴨可能感到有難度,最主要的原因就是抽象名詞往往是從其他動詞或形容詞轉化而來的,包含了非常豐富的內容。在很多情況下,抽象名詞表達的意思都可以用從句來表達,比如if, when等,但如果我們在寫作中學會了用抽象名詞來改寫這些從句,則會讓文章顯得更簡潔、正式、豐富。請看以下幾例:
例1:If you compare the two methods carefully, you will find the difference.

Careful comparison of the two methods will show you the difference.

例2:When our teacher had left, the heated discussion then ended.

The departure of our teacher brought the heated discussion to an end. 

例3:When there is a slight improvement in their children's studies, the parents will feel happy and proud.

A slight improvement in their children's studies will lead to their parents' happiness and pride. 

以下我們再來看一些與雅思寫作更相關的句子,這些句子都選自《2016年雅思大作文真題解析及高分範文合集》。請大家注意,當用抽象名詞來代替從句後,句子的謂語動詞和結構都可能需要作相應調整。


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1. If teachers get a true comment from their students, they will be able to know if their teaching is effective, or if their presentation manner is attractive or not. 

A true comment from their students will enable the teachers to know if their teaching is effective, or if their presentation manner is attractive or not.


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2. The Internet is a good great invention, yet if you are too obsessed with it, it will certainly reduce the time that should have been put to more serious work. 

Internet is a good great invention, yet obsession with it will certainly reduce the time that should have been put to more serious work.


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3. When they are motivated to be the top, students will be pushed to learn more and more in school. 

The motivation to be the top pushes students to learn more and more in school.


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4. Meanwhile, because people have wider choice of food, they enjoy better nutrition, which is definitely beneficial to their health.

Meanwhile, this wider choice of food provides people with better nutrition, which is definitely beneficial to their health.


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